U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Search Data Collections

Census of Jails (COJ)

The 2019 Census of Jails (COJ) is part of a series of data collections that studies the nation's local jails and the 12 Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) detention facilities that function as jails. The 2019 COJ collected data necessary for producing estimates on local jail populations, including one-day custody counts by sex, race and Hispanic origin, conviction status, and severity of offense (felony and...

Annual Survey of Jails (ASJ)

Administered to a sample of approximately 950 local jails (city, county, regional, and private) nationwide, the Annual Survey of Jails (ASJ) provides national estimates on the number of inmates confined in jails, demographic characteristics and criminal justice status of the jail population, holds for federal and state prison authorities, counts of admissions and releases, number of jail employees, and rated capacity.

National Survey of Youth in Custody (NSYC)

The National Survey of Youth in Custody (NSYC) is part of BJS's National Prison Rape Statistics Program, which gathers mandated data on the incidence and prevalence of sexual assault in juvenile facilities under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 as specified in PREA; P.L. 108-79. PREA requires a 10% sample of juvenile facilities to be listed by incidence of sexual assault. Data are collected...

National Inmate Survey (NIS)

The National Inmate Survey (NIS) is part of BJS's National Prison Rape Statistics Program, which gathers mandated data on the incidence and prevalence of sexual assault in correctional facilities under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108-79). PREA requires a 10% sample of correctional facilities to be listed by incidence of sexual assault, with a minimum of one prison and one jail...

Survey of Sexual Victimization (SSV)

The Survey of Sexual Victimization (SSV) is part of BJS's National Prison Rape Statistics Program, which gathers mandated data on the incidence and prevalence of sexual victimization in adult correctional and juvenile justice facilities, under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108-79). This is an administrative data collection based on allegations of sexual victimization by other inmates/youth or staff that are reported...

Federal Justice Statistics Program (FJSP)

The FJSP provides annual data on workload, activities, and outcomes associated with federal criminal cases. BJS acquires information on all aspects of processing in the federal justice system, including—

  • the number of persons investigated, prosecuted, convicted, incarcerated, sentenced to probation, released pretrial, and under parole or other supervision
  • initial prosecution decisions, referrals to magistrates, court dispositions, sentencing outcomes, sentence length, and time served.

The program...

Annual Probation Survey and Annual Parole Survey

Collect administrative data from probation and parole agencies in the United States. Data collected include the total number of adults on state and federal probation and parole on January 1 and December 31 of each year, the number of adults entering and exiting probation and parole supervision each year, and the characteristics of adults under the supervision of probation and parole agencies. Published data include...

Survey of Prison Inmates (SPI)

The Survey of Prison Inmates (SPI) is a periodic, cross-sectional survey of the state and sentenced federal prison populations. Its primary objective is to produce national estimates on the state and sentenced federal prison populations across a variety of domains, including but not limited to demographic characteristics, current offense and sentence, incident characteristics, firearm possession and sources, criminal history, socioeconomic characteristics, family background, drug and...

Annual Survey of Jails in Indian Country (SJIC)

Collects detailed information on confinement facilities, detention centers, jails, and other facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Information is gathered on inmate counts, movements, facility operations, and staff. In selected years (1998, 2004, 2007, and 2011), additional information was collected on facility programs and services, such as medical assessments and mental health screening procedures, inmate work assignments, counseling, and educational...

National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)

The BJS National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) is the nation's primary source of information on criminal victimization. Each year, data are obtained from a nationally representative sample of about 240,000 persons in about 150,000 households. Persons are interviewed on the frequency, characteristics, and consequences of criminal victimization in the United States. The NCVS collects information on nonfatal personal crimes (i.e., rape or sexual assault, robbery, aggravated and...

National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)

Background on the collection of reported crime data

Since 1930, the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program has collected information about crimes known to and arrests made by law enforcement. The UCR Summary Reporting System (SRS) collected monthly counts of the number of crimes known to law enforcement from thousands of agencies throughout the United States. Information on the number of crimes known...

Census of Medical Examiner and Coroner (ME/C) Offices

Provides data on the personnel, budgets, and workload of medical examiner and coroner offices by type of office and size of jurisdiction. The census gathers information on the number of unidentified human decedents handled by these offices, record-keeping practices, and use of national databases for unidentified remains.

Census of Publicly Funded Forensic Crime Laboratories (CPFFCL)

Provides a comprehensive look at the forensic services provided by federal, state, and local crime labs across the nation and the resources devoted to completing the work. The Census of Publicly Funded Forensic Crime Laboratories collects data on staff, budgets, and workloads within publicly operated labs. The census also provides information on lab accreditations, proficiency tests, and other quality assurances.

Mortality in Correctional Institutions (MCI) (Formerly Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (DCRP))

Collects inmate death records from each of the nation's 50 state prison systems, Federal Bureau of Prisons, and approximately 2,800 local jail jurisdictions. Between 2003 and 2014, BJS also collected data on persons who died while in the process of arrest.

Death records include information on decedent personal characteristics (age, race or Hispanic origin, and sex), decedent criminal background (legal status, offense type, and time...

Survey of Inmates in Local Jails (SILJ)

Conducted periodically, the survey provides information on individual characteristics of jail inmates, current offenses and detention status, characteristics of victims, criminal histories, family background, gun possession and use, prior drug and alcohol use and treatment, medical and mental health history and treatment, vocational programs and other services provided while in jails, as well as other personal characteristics. Data are collected through personal interviews with a...

Identity Theft Supplement (ITS)

Administered to persons age 16 or older who completed an in-person National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) interview, the Identity Theft Supplement (ITS) asks respondents if they had experienced identity theft during the past 12 months. The ITS encompasses several types of identity theft, such as the misuse of an existing account, misuse of personal information to open a new account, and other misuses of personal...

Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS)

Conducted periodically since 1987, the Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS) core collects data from over 3,000 general-purpose, county, and local law enforcement agencies, including all those that employ 100 or more full-time sworn officers and a nationally representative sample of smaller agencies. Data are obtained on agency responsibilities, operating expenditures, job functions of sworn and civilian employees, officer salaries and special pay, demographic...

Juveniles in Criminal Court

Dataset from 40 urban counties used to describe the characteristics of more than 7,000 juveniles charged with felonies in State courts. The findings indicated that prosecution of juveniles in criminal court is generally reserved for those charged with the quite serious crimes of murder, robbery, and aggravated assault

Census of State Court Organization

This collection serves as the primary source for detailed information on the structure and framework of state courts. The series collects information on the overall number of courts and judges in the nation's state courts; the selection and service requirements of judges; the governance, funding and administration of the judicial branch; the jurisdiction, staffing, and procedures associated with the nation's appellate courts; the administration, procedures...

Supplemental Survey of Civil Appeals

Civil Justice Survey of State Courts, Trials on Appeal (CJSSCTA) provided detailed statistical information on civil cases adjudicated at the appellate level in state courts. CJSSCTA collected information from court records on individual civil trials that were appealed to a state intermediate appellate court and/or court of last resort. The types of information collected included the types of civil cases appealed after trial to an...

Justice Expenditure and Employment Extracts Series

Every year since 1980, BJS has extracted justice expenditure and employment data from the Census Bureau's Annual Government Finance Survey and Annual Survey of Public Employment. BJS publishes these data in the Justice Expenditure and Employment Extracts series, which presents estimates of government expenditures and employment for the following justice categories: police protection, all judicial and legal functions (including prosecution, courts, and public defense), and...

NICS Act State Record Estimates

Annual collection of estimated available state and local records, and other information pursuant to the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 (Pub. L. 110- 180). Estimates are collected of records pertaining to persons prohibited from purchasing or possessing a firearm under the Federal Gun Control Act of 1968, as amended, 18 U.S.C. 921 et. seq.

Survey of Law Enforcement Personnel in Schools (SLEPS)

Provides information on the number and characteristics of law enforcement personnel that work in public K-12 schools. Data collected include the number of sworn school resource officers (SROs), demographics of sworn SROs, and required training and activities.