The Bureau of Justice Statistics funds research and reports by other organizations or individuals to foster knowledge in the criminal justice field. These third-party reports are prepared under grant awards or cooperative agreements with BJS. BJS staff provide oversight of such research projects. These third-party reports are not BJS reports and do not release official government statistics. The reports are released to help inform interested parties of the research or analysis contained within and to encourage discussion. BJS performs a limited review of these reports to ensure the general accuracy of information and adherence to confidentiality and disclosure standards. Any statistics included in these reports are not official BJS statistics unless they have been previously published in a BJS report. Any analyses, conclusions, or opinions expressed therein are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views, opinions, or policies of the Bureau of Justice Statistics or the U.S. Department of Justice.