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Targeting Serious and Repetitive Offenders: The Effect of Crime Control Legislation in Arizona

NCJ Number
Date Published
September 1988
Official records were analyzed using time series and regression models to determine how prosecutors and courts adapted to the requirements of a new Arizona law designed to punish dangerous and repetitive offenders by requiring mandatory, consecutive sentences for those convicted of a new crime while on supervised release.

Section 13-604.01 also required that offenders convicted of a new, dangerous offense committed while on supervised release would serve a flat 25 calendar years before release. The analysis showed that plea bargaining increased for targeted offenders but decreased for non-targeted offenders after the law took effect. The offender most likely to plea bargain was not on probation or was considered dangerous. Offenders on probation plea bargained only in the reduction from dangerous to non-dangerous offense status. Both probation sentence lengths and prison sentence lengths were significantly longer after the law. Offenders were also more likely to go to prison. However, the new law did not affect the number of felony case dispositions. Figures, appended methodological information, and 68 references.

Date Published: September 1, 1988