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Probation and Parole Populations Reach New Highs

NCJ Number
Date Published
September 1994
Almost 5 million Americans, 1 in 39 adults, were under some form of correctional control in 1993, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, and more than two-thirds were being supervised in the community on probation or parole.

The number of adults under correctional supervision, incarcerated or in the community, increased by 25 percent between 1992 and 1993. About 2.8 million adults were on probation and 671,000 were on parole in State and Federal jurisdictions in 1993, 3.2 percent of adult men and 0.6 percent of adult women. Between 1980 and 1993, probation and parole populations grew by 163 percent, while jail and prison populations increased by 172 percent. Texas had the largest number of adults on probation and parole (378,000 and 116,000, respectively). Seven other States (California, Florida, New York, Georgia, Michigan, Washington, and New Jersey) had more than 100,000 people on probation. States reporting increases of at least 20 percent in their parole populations during 1993 included Vermont (33.4 percent), Connecticut (29.2 percent), and Florida (23.6 percent). On the other hand, Washington, Delaware, Mississippi, and North Dakota reduced their parole populations by at least 15 percent. 3 tables

Date Published: September 11, 1994