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Drug Enforcement and Treatment in Prisons, 1990

NCJ Number
Date Published
July 1992
Using data from the 1990 Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, this study examines how State and Federal correctional facilities week to stop the entry and use of illegal drugs.

Data were collected from 957 State prison facilities, 250 State community-based facilities, and 80 Federal prisons operating on June 29, 1990. Results revealed that 98 percent of State community-based facilities, 83 percent of State prisons, and all Federal prisons reported that they tested inmates for drug use. Seventy-six percent reported testing inmates for drugs when drug use was suspected, while 20 percent tested all inmates at least once during confinement. Marijuana and cocaine were the drugs most commonly detected, with about one in 16 tests in State facilities and one in 100 tests in Federal facilities positive for marijuana. About one in 28 tests in State facilities and one in 250 tests in Federal facilities were positive for cocaine. Most prison facilities patted down inmates and required them to exchange clothes upon admission or any reentry. Most facilities also searched the belongings of visitors. Staff were also subject to drug interdiction activities. Tables and description of methodology

Date Published: July 1, 1992