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Correctional Populations in the United States, 1995: Executive Summary

NCJ Number
Date Published
June 1997
An estimated 5.4 million adults were under some form of correctional supervision in 1995; 7 of every 10 of these people were on probation or parole.

Thus, about 2.8 percent of the United States adult resident population were under correctional care or supervision in 1995, an increase from the 1.6 percent of 1985. Local jails held an estimated 499,430 adults on June 30, 1995. Nearly 3.1 million adults were on probation on December 31, 1995. An estimated 1.1 million men and women were in the custody of State and Federal prisons at the end of 1995. An estimated 700,000 adults were on parole at the end of the year. Three hundred ten inmates were under sentences of death during 1995, and 105 had their death sentences removed by means other than execution. State and Federal prisons held 3,054 death row inmates on December 31, 1995. Military services held 2,838 prisoners in 28 facilities on December 31, 1995. The Bureau of Justice Statistics conducts the census of the country's prisons every 5 years. The census gathers detailed information on inmates, staff, facilities, and programs. Tables

Date Published: June 15, 1997