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Annual Surveys of Probation and Parole, 2015-2018 (ASPP)

Award Information

Award #
Funding Category
Competitive Discretionary
Congressional District
Funding First Awarded
Total funding (to date)

Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2015, $499,450)

Under this award, the recipient of funds will carry out the ASPP data collection on behalf of BJS for the 2015 reference year.

The ASPP are two separate BJS data collections, independently referred to as the Annual Probation Survey and Annual Parole Survey.

Since 1980, the ASPP have collected aggregate data on the number of persons supervised on probation or parole (i.e., post-custody community supervision), together referred to as the community supervision population. The ASPP obtain aggregated data from administrative records maintained by state probation and/or parole agencies; local agencies (municipal, county, or court); and the federal system.

The ASPP are core BJS data collections and are the only national data collections that describe the size, change, movements, outcomes, and characteristics of the community supervision populations at the national, federal, and state levels. Together with data from the National Prisoner Statistics (NPS) Program, which collects counts of persons incarcerated in federal and state prisons, and data from the Annual Survey of Jails, which collects counts of persons held in local jails, ASPP data are used to estimate the total number of persons supervised by the adult correctional systems in the United States. Collectively, these data collections are also critical for tracking the level and change in the correctional populations over time and enhancing the understanding of the flow of offenders through and eventually out of the criminal justice system. Because of the needs for and uses of the ASPP data, it is imperative that these data are reliable, of high quality, and are representative of the entire targeted population.

Note: This project contains a research and/or development component, as defined in applicable law.


Date Created: September 23, 2015